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Nickel Ore Moisture Content

  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    Nickel ore liquefaction remains a key point of concern for shipowners and charterers, argues Janice Dao Yeung Yeung, Senior Claims Executive, Lawyer, Skuld P&I Club, who provided a detailed analysis of the regulatory obligations for masters, charterers, owners, shippers, as well as insurers.

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  • Despite Warnings, Nickel Ore Cargo Dangers Persist

    Nickel ore is a Group A bulk cargo, one of a limited number of commodities that can exhibit liquid-like behavior in a bulker's holds if their moisture content is too high.

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  • NICKELORE: STOP,THINK,VERIFY!

    transportation of Nickel Ore. Consideration should be given to contacting the P&I Club prior to loading to obtain the latest information. In the event of difficulties, the ship's P&I Club and the Competent Authority of the port of loading should be notified. Owners should also be aware that allowing a vessel to sail in circumstances where .

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  • Nickel Laterites: The World's Largest Source of Nickel .

    Jun 12, 2014 · Nickel is found in two types of deposits; Nickel laterites and magmatic sulfide deposits.Although nickel Laterites make up 70% of the world's nickel reserves, few of them become producing mines. Over the last 60 years magmatic sulfide nickel deposits produced 60% of the world's nickel.

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  • Nickel Metal: It's Properties, History, Production & Uses

    Lateritic ores also have a high moisture content (35-40%) that requires drying in a rotary kiln furnace. It produces nickel oxide, which is then reduced using electric furnaces at temperatures between 2480-2930 F° (1360-1610 C°) and volatilized to produce Class I nickel metal and nickel sulfate.

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  • TO ALL MEMBERS - The London P&I Club

    31 January 2011 TO ALL MEMBERS Dear Sirs Indonesia and the Philippines – Safe Carriage of Nickel Ore Cargoes Introduction As members may be aware, in October and November 2010, three vessels, the Jian Fu Star, Nasco Diamond and Hong Wei, sank during the carriage of nickel ore from Indonesia to China with the loss of forty four seafarers.

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  • CNA Nickel | On-line Nickel Ore Analyzer

    Nickel mining and extraction operations will benefit from control of quality and moisture of the ore before shipping to and arrival at the treatment plant, enabling sorting of material on nickel content and optimizing the homogenization of the stockpile.

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  • Nickel ore, a liquid threat to dry cargo vessels - The Hindu

    Oct 28, 2017 · The DNV paper notes that nickel ore is 99% clay-like soil and the ore is likely to liquefy under the impact of a ship's motion if the moisture exceeds a certain level. . is specified to limit .

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  • Philippines - Liquefaction of Nickel Ore from Surigao

    Jul 21, 2015 · In addition, the International Group circular on the Safe Carriage of Nickel Ore Cargoes should be read and followed. Club correspondents Pandiman, Manila have advised that nickel ore from Surigao and Dinagat has a particularly high clay content. Samples may appear to be satisfactory when subjected to a "can" test but may prove to be unsafe .

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  • analisis moisture content (kadar air): analisis kadar air .

    Kadar air ( Moisture Content) adalah perbandingan berat air terkandung dalam contoh bijih nikel dengan berat kering bijih nikel.Nilai kadar air biaa dinyatakan dalam persen ( % ).Apabila satuan nilai kadar air tidak dinyatakan dalam persen,maka hasil pengujian dikalikan dengan 0.01.

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  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    One reason being that clay, an essential element of nickel ore, holds considerable moisture and naturally absorbs water. With the continuous vibration of a vessel during sea passage, cargoes that contain high moisture content and TML become unstable which may lead to a change in the cargo structure, from solid to liquid form.

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  • Application of Wireless Sensor Network in Shipping .

    This paper applies wireless sensor network to the shipping laterite nickel ore moisture content monitoring, and design a set of real-time monitoring of lateritic nickel ore moisture content monitoring system in the process of actual transportation, and formulate a specific implementation plan. According to the structure of laterite nickel ore bulk carriers and the characteristics of the .

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  • How To Dry Nickel Ore High Moisture Content Nickel - Henan .

    2013930Lessons learned about nickel ore . Liquefying Cargoes . P. AGE. 1 . William Moore Dr. Eng. high moisture content are prone to sliding particularly when Even when the cargo appears to be dry it may still contain moisture in excess of the TML .

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  • Nickel Moisture analyzer. Analyzers using microwaves

    Located in Yabulu near Townsville, QNI is a subsidiary of BHP Billiton Ltd and refines laterite nickel ore to a range of nickel products as well as producing cobalt. The annual production capacity is 30,000 tonnes of nickel and 2,000 tonnes of cobalt. . The stockpiles are open to the weather and hence variation in moisture content on receipt .

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  • INSG Insight - International Nickel Study Group

    The ore is typically fairly highin moisture content, at times over 30 percent water. Trends in Nickel Ore Shipments 2005 - 2012 . The demand for nickel ore to feed the Chinese blast furnaces turning out nickel pig iron has shown exponential growth. Chart 1 shows the reported levels of imports of nickel ore to China from 2005 through 2011.

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  • The Dangers Of Transporting Nickel Ore Cargoes – A Timely .

    However, one needs to also be aware the IMSBC Code states that if samples remain dry following a 'can test', the moisture content of the material may still exceed the Transportable Moisture Limit.

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  • Carrying nickel ore: The world's most dangerous cargo .

    For these reasons, nickel ore has been described as 'the world's most dangerous cargo'. Nickel ore is a cargo that may liquefy if the Moisture Content (MC) exceeds the Transportable Moisture Limit (TML).

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  • Sampling and Testing of Bulk Cargo,Decision to Load .

    Cargoes with moisture content beyond FMP may be liable liquefy. Transportable Moisture Limit - is defined as 90% of the FMP. From the ship operators and master's perspective the important figures for the laboratory to determine are the TML of a representative sample of the cargo to be loaded and its actual moisture content.

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  • Nickel ore - a liquefaction risk - SAFETY4SEA

    Nickel ore liquefaction remains a key point of concern for shipowners and charterers, argues Janice Dao Yeung Yeung, Senior Claims Executive, Lawyer, Skuld P&I Club, who provided a detailed analysis of the regulatory obligations for masters, charterers, owners, shippers, as well as insurers.

    Live Chat »
  • STANDARD CARGO

    40,000 tonnes of nickel ore, sank with the loss of 10 crew. The loss of these ships is believed to have been associated with liquefaction of the cargo, with excessively high moisture content (referred to as MC) in excess of its transportable moisture limit (commonly referred to as TML). All three ships loaded nickel ore in Indonesia.

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  • Steamship Mutual - Indonesian Nickel Ore

    Nickel ore is not found in a homogeneous form. Much of the material is very fine clay-like particles but there are also larger rock-like particles, some of which can be very large indeed. The material also has a relatively large moisture content of up to 30-40% by mass.

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  • INSG Insight - International Nickel Study Group

    The ore is typically fairly highin moisture content, at times over 30 percent water. Trends in Nickel Ore Shipments 2005 - 2012 . The demand for nickel ore to feed the Chinese blast furnaces turning out nickel pig iron has shown exponential growth. Chart 1 shows the reported levels of imports of nickel ore to China from 2005 through 2011.

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  • IMSBC CODE GROUP 'A' BULK CARGOES

    low moisture content. Dry cargoes cannot liquefy. CONSEQUENCES OF LIQUIFACTION. . nickel ore The IMSBC Code states Consignments of more than 15,000t but not more than 60,000t; one 200g sub-sample is to be taken for each 250t to be shipped In total 200 sub-samples should be taken.

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  • CARRIAGE OF NICKEL ORE AND IRON ORE FINES : Detailed .

    Jun 01, 2012 · and moisture content of the cargo. (2) Iron Ore Fines When iron ore is processed to allow its use in the iron/steel making industry, it is first separated into lumps and fines. Iron ore fines are the less desirable, and lower value, product of this processing. They also have a higher moisture content than the iron ore lumps.

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  • Japan P&I Club advises on safe carriage of nickel ore .

    The cargo of nickel ore is being presented for loading overall with higher moisture content than years ago. This has highlighted concerns over the standard of the tests conducted by the local mines "in-house" laboratories, recently this is becoming a real issue.

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  • Production Process of Ferronickel - Miss Rifka

    Dec 18, 2018 · The choice of saprolite ore ensures that the ferronickel product is not excessively diluted by iron. Production process of ferronickel consists of four main steps. Drying: elimination of most or a substantial portion of free moisture content of the nickel ore

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  • CARGO LIQUEFACTION AND DANGERS TO SHIPS

    but nickel ore is known to suffer the risk of liquefaction, if the moisture content of the cargo exceeds the transportable moisture limit (TML) when loaded. It is very possible

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  • Microwave Technology Can Measure Moisture Content of Minerals

    Microwave Technology Can Be Used to Measure Moisture Content of Ores, Coal and Other Minerals By Stephan Nel 04.05.2016 Microwave technology is used in two ways for measuring moisture content of various types of ores, coal and other minerals: By reflection or resonance;

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  • The danger in shipping nickel ore by sea - Born2Invest

    Apr 07, 2015 · The danger in shipping nickel ore by sea. . Going beyond the maximum moisture content can already affect the ship's steadiness. The water that was separated from the ore because of liquefaction may cause the cargo to slide to one side of the ship, which may cause the ship to capsize. .

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  • The danger in shipping nickel ore by sea - Born2Invest

    Apr 07, 2015 · The danger in shipping nickel ore by sea. . Going beyond the maximum moisture content can already affect the ship's steadiness. The water that was separated from the ore because of liquefaction may cause the cargo to slide to one side of the ship, which may cause the ship to capsize. .

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